With its service launch delayed by more than a year, Unitel is in danger of losing the mobile network license it was issued almost two years ago by the authorities in Zambia.
In March 2018, the Zambia Information and Communications Technology Authority (ZICTA) awarded two 15-year licenses (one national, one international) to Unitel to enable it to become the country's fourth mobile operator and provide additional competition for the three existing operators -- MTN, Airtel and state-owned Zamtel. Unitel pledged to invest US$350 million in a new network and create 450 new jobs. (See Unitel Lands Zambia's Fourth Mobile License.)
Unitel, which is the dominant telco in Angola, also pledged that its new operation, Uzi Zambia, would be up and running by the end of 2018. When that didn't happen it set a new launch date of February 2019, but that was also abandoned, with technical issues related to the deployment and testing of its 4G network, and ongoing discussions with ZICTA about the license terms and conditions, cited as the reason.
Now local media reports suggest Uzi is still in limbo, with Zambia's transport and communications minister Misheck Lungu quoted by the country's Daily Mail as saying the operator is still in the process of "mobilizing funds," while other reports suggest ZICTA is set to seek an alternative operator to replace Unitel/Uzi.
ZICTA had allocated spectrum for a fourth mobile operator in the hope that a new entrant would be the catalyst for improved mobile services in a country with a population of about 17 million and a mobile penetration rate of around 100%. It looks like Zambians still have a long wait before a new name enters the mobile services market.